Lapland bunting (Calcarius lapponicus)
Lapland buntings are not commonly sighted in the UK, only ever appearing in low numbers on the east coast, from Lothian in Scotland down to Kent in the south east of England. They are a species whose habit it is to winter in the UK, doing so from September and October until May, after which time they leave to breed in those colder northern European regions across Scandinavia. Their greatest concentrations appear in Lapland (hence the name), an extreme northern area of Finland that borders Sweden, Norway and Russia. Altogether in the UK, there are only very few wintering birds; according to the RSPB, just 710 breeding pairs in total, which is a tiny proportion of the entire global population. Finland, for instance, is home to between 50,000 and 150,000 pairs of Lapland bunting.