Redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus)
Redstarts used to be part of the chat and thrush (Turdidae) family, which includes Blackbirds, Robins and Song thrushes, but are now classified as an Old World flycatcher (Muscicpidae). They are quite petite, only around the same size as a Robin. As summer visitors to the UK, they can be observed in north and west of the UK, with higher concentrations in Wales; it is possible to view them as far north as the extreme of Scotland. There are approximately 100,000 breeding pairs, which is a relatively low number in comparison to more common UK birds: Robins, for instance, number approximately 6,700,000 breeding pairs in the UK.
Similar in appearance to a Robin (one comment suggesting a Redstart is like a “Ninja Robin”, with its striking dark black band across the front of the face). The males, however, are very “smart” in appearance, with an orange rump and chest, and a grey upperpart covering on top. Females, to the contrary, are slightly duller with less emphasis on such bright red colouring, a principal characteristic of males.
Unfortunately, Redstarts are a declining species and, as such, have been classified on the Amber List as a species in decline.